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Iran, 5 Powers to Meet on Nuclear Deal 04/09 06:23

   

   VIENNA (AP) -- Iran and the five world powers that remain in a foundering 
2015 nuclear deal plan to hold their second formal meeting of the week on 
Friday to take stock of efforts to bring the United States back on board.

   The delicate diplomatic dance that began in Vienna on Tuesday needs to 
balance the concerns and interests of both Washington and Tehran. France, 
Germany, Britain, China and Russia are still parties to the deal -- known as 
the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action -- along with Iran.

   They are meeting three days after Russia's delegate said they agreed to set 
up expert-level groups on the lifting of sanctions and nuclear issues, which 
are supposed to identify measures to be taken by both Iran and the U.S. to 
revive the accord fully.

   "Most likely the meeting will not last long," the Russian delegate, Mikhail 
Ulyanov, wrote on Twitter Friday. "The task is to take stock of the work done 
this week and decide on the next steps."

   Although not taking part in the JCPOA talks, a U.S. delegation headed by the 
administration's special envoy for Iran, Rob Malley, also has been in the 
Austrian capital this week.

   In 2018, then-President Donald Trump pulled the U.S. unilaterally out of the 
accord, opting for what he called a maximum-pressure campaign involving 
restored and additional American sanctions.

   Since then, Iran has been steadily violating restrictions in the deal, like 
the amount of enriched uranium that it can stockpile and the purity to which it 
can be enriched. Tehran's moves have been calculated to pressure the other 
nations in the deal to do more to offset crippling U.S. sanctions reimposed 
under Trump.

   U.S. President Joe Biden, who was vice president under Barack Obama when the 
original deal was negotiated, has said he wants to bring the U.S. back into the 
JCPOA but that Iran must reverse its violations.

   Iran argues that the U.S. violated the deal first with its withdrawal, so 
Washington has to take the first step by lifting sanctions.

 
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