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Rail Quality of Life Concerns 12/03 06:42

   Railroad workers and their unions say the deal didn't do enough to address 
their quality-of-life concerns and didn't add any sick days.

   OMAHA, Neb. (AP) -- When BNSF railroad conductor Justin Schaaf needed to 
take time off from work this summer, he had to make a choice: go to the dentist 
to get a cavity in his molar filled or attend a party for his son's 7th 

   He chose his son.

   "Ultimately I decided to take the day off for my kid's birthday party," 
Schaaf said. "Then when I am finally able to get into the dentist four, five, 
six months later, the tooth is too bad to repair at that point, so I have to 
get the tooth pulled out."

   Those are the kind of tradeoffs that railroad workers worry they might still 
have to make after Congress voted this week to impose a contract on them to 
avoid the economic disaster that would accompany a railroad strike. Workers and 
their unions say the deal didn't do enough to address their quality-of-life 
concerns and didn't add any sick days.

   President Joe Biden signed a bill Friday to block a strike and force workers 
to accept the agreements union leaders made in September, even though four of 
the 12 unions -- which include a majority of rail workers -- voted to reject 
them. Business groups had been urging Biden to intervene for weeks.

   For Schaaf, he's not sure if the new contract will make it any easier to 
find another day off sometime next year to pay to have a fake tooth implanted 
in his mouth.

   "If I had the option of taking a sick day ... I would have never been in 
that situation," he said from his home in Glasgow, Montana.

   Schaaf said it was discouraging, but not surprising, to see Congress step in 
to settle the contract dispute ahead of next Friday's strike deadline. 
Lawmakers have made a habit of stepping in to impose contracts when railroads 
and their unions reach the brink of a strike -- 18 times since the passage of 
the 1926 Railway Labor Act, by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce's count -- because 
of the potential economic consequences.

   Many businesses rely on railroads to deliver raw materials and ship their 
final products, so a rail strike would send a catastrophic ripple through the 
economy. Passenger railroads also would be disrupted because so many use tracks 
owned by the freight railroads.

   The five-year deals that rail workers wound up with include 24% raises and 
$5,000 in bonuses. But concerns about the lack of paid sick time and the 
demanding schedules that unions say make it hard for workers to ever take a day 
off dominated the contract talks. The rail unions say they weren't able to get 
more concessions out of the railroads because the big companies knew Congress 
would intervene.

   The railroads refused to add paid sick days to the deal at the end of three 
years of negotiations because they didn't want to pay much more than a special 
board of arbitrators appointed by Biden recommended this summer. Plus, the 
railroads say the unions have agreed over the years to forego paid sick leave 
in favor of higher wages and strong short-term disability benefits that kick in 
after as little as four days.

   The railroads agreed to offer three unpaid days for engineers and conductors 
to tend to medical needs as long as they are scheduled at least 30 days in 
advance. They also promised to negotiate further to improve the way regular 
days off are scheduled to help workers better know when they will be off.

   But to retired engineer Jeff Kurtz, there is still a lot of work to be done 
to restore the quality of life he enjoyed before he left the railroad eight 
years ago. He doubts rail workers today would be able to get time off for key 
family events on short notice the way he did when he found out his son was 
getting his doctorate right before Christmas in 2009.

   "You hear when you hire out on the railroad you're going to miss some 
things. But you're not supposed to miss everything," said Kurtz, who remains 
active even in retirement with the Railroad Workers United coalition that 
includes workers from every union. "You shouldn't miss your kids growing up. 
You shouldn't miss the seminal moments in your family's life."

   Over the past six years, the major railroads have eliminated nearly 
one-third of their jobs as they overhauled operations, making the work more 
demanding for those who remain.

   The unions say they won't stop fighting for more paid sick leave, but now 
they may have to wait for negotiations on the next contract beginning in 2025.

   The head of the Association of American Railroads trade group, Ian 
Jefferies, acknowledged "there is more to be done to further address our 
employees' work-life balance concerns" but he said the compromise deals that 
Congress voted to impose should help make schedules more predictable while 
delivering the biggest raises rail workers have seen in more than four decades.

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